Angelim Vermelho (FSC)

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Angelim Vermelho (FSC)

Botanical name:Dinizia excelsa Ducke
Origin:Brazil, Amazonas
Other names:Angelim Ferro
Appearance:Rough growth, Cross grain often interlocked.
Density:Ca. 1260 kg/m3 (green)
Ca. 990 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Very durable. Class 1 (En 350)
Strength:High level of strength. D 50 (En 338)
Stability:Relatively stable regarding density. Risk of warping in small dimensions.
Processing:Good for planing. Poor finish
Drying:Primarily used AD or SD
Typical use:Timber, Sheet piling, Fence post, Railway sleepers
In use:Maintains shape well.
Substitute:Favinha, Mandioquiera, Angelim Pedra
Note: One of the few hard wood species in the Amazon, which optains large log dimensions. Resembles Azobe. This wood species has a sour, but not unpleasant smell that will fade away over time.

In use

Azobe (FSC)

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Azobe (FSC)

Botanical name:Lophira alata
Origin:The Congo Basin, West Africa
Other names:Ekki, Bongossi
Appearance:Red-brown. Rough growth. Sapwood has a grey tone. Visible growth rings.
Density:Ca. 1260 kg/m3 (green), ca. 1060 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Durable. Class 2 (EN 350)
Strength:Very strong. D 70 (EN 338)
Stability:Relatively stable considering the density. Risk of warping in small dimensions.
Processing:Hard to process. Good for planing.  Poor finish
Drying:Primarily used AD or SD
Typical use:Deck boards, Sheet piling, Railway sleepers
In use:Cracks and surface checks easily occure like with a lot of other heavy wood species. If exposed to sun light grey tones will appear.
Substitute:Angelim Vermelho, Okan, Tali
Note: Very big logs and high strength along with many years of experience makes Azobe the prefered species for harbour construction. Risk of warping especially in ventilated constructions.

In use

Massaranduba (FSC)

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Massaranduba (FSC)

Botanical name:Manilkara huberi
Origin:Brazil, Amazonas
Other names:Macaranduba
Appearance:Red-brown. sapwood ist visibly grey. Juvenile wood light red. Fine and regular growth.
Density:Ca. 1000 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Very durable. Class 1 (En 350)
Strength:Good strength. d 60 (En 338)
Stability:Good stability considering the density. Risk of warping in small dimensions.
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish.
Drying:Dries slowly, but without any major problems, also to low MC. relatively high swelling and shrinking.
Typical use:Decking, Handrails, Benches.
In use:If not dried properly, cracks and discoloration will occure like with other heavy wood species. Turns grey when exposed to sun light, Maintains shape. no soluables or sweating.
Substitute:Cumaru, Jatoba, Muiracatiara
Note: Massaranduba appears very beautiful and stabile when used dried. sadly it is often used non-dried leaving the user with a poor result.

In use

Okan (FSC)

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Okan (FSC)

Botanical name:Cylicodiscus gabuensis
Origin:Congo basin, W. Afrika
Other names:Denya
Appearance:Brown, sapwood clearly visible (grey). Coarse sometiomes interlocked grain. Growth rings clearly visible
Density:Ca. 1200 kg/m3 (Green), ca. 1000 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Very Durable. Class 1 (EN 350)
Strength:Very high. D 60 (EN 338)
Stability:Relatively stable however some risk of warping in small dimensions
Processing:Difficult to remanufacteur. Can be machine however often with a poor finish
Drying:Used primarily AD or SD
Typical use:Marine timber, Sheet piling, sleepers, heavy decking
In use:Tendency of cracking and surface cheking like other heavy species. Will turn greay after exposure to sunlight. Relatively high movement in service.
Substitute:Angelim Vermelho, Azobe, Tali
Note: Resembles azobe in many ways and hence in the use. Grows in the same area as Azobe as well.

In use

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Sapelli (FSC)

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Sapelli (FSC)

Botanical name:Entandrophragma cylindricum
Origin:The Congo-basin, Africa
Other names:Sapele
Appearance:Golden-red. Often straight and interlocked, with a medium coarse grain. Sapwood visible.
Density:Ca. 700 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Moderate durability. Class 3.
Strength:Estimated D30.
Stability:Relatively good stability
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish.
Drying:Dries easily to low MC. However risk of warping in small dimensions.
Typical use:Windows, doors, facing
In use:Low tendency for cracking and surface checks when dryed. exposure to sun light will rapidly change colour to a warm golden brown. Turns grey when exposed to sun light. Dimensionally stable and durable. 
Substitute:Sipo, Louro Gamela, Mandioquiera
Note: Widely used for all round mahogany, especially for all indoor purposes from laminating of doors to classic furniture.

In use

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Sucupira Vermelho (FSC)

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Sucupira Vermelho (FSC)

Botanical name:Andira Unifolata
Origin:Amazonas
Other names:Red Sucupira , Andira
Appearance:
Density:Ca. 870kg/m3 (mc 12%)
Durability:Durable. class 2 (eN 350)
Strength:Estimated D50
Stability:Good stability
Processing:machines well when dry. hard metal equipment required. Very good finishing.
Drying:Kiln dries easily also to low mc.
Typical use:
In use:Exposure will rapidly change colour to a warm golden brown an eventually grey. Low risc for movement in service.
Substitute:Cumaru, Jatoba
Note: Tendency to raise fibres after installation. Sanding after first saturation is recommended.

In use

Tanimbuca (FSC)

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Tanimbuca (FSC)

Botanical name:Buchenavia perviflora
Origin:Brazil, Amazonas
Other names:Green Ipé
Appearance:Golden-green with subtle lines of red and black. Fine straight grain sometimes interlocked.
Density:Ca. 850 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Durable. Class 2 (estimated).
Strength:Estimated D40
Stability:Relatively stabil considering the density.
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish.
Drying:Kiln dries easily also to low mc at the risk of  warping.
Typical use:Under construction, decking.
In use:Low tendency for cracking and surface checks when dryed. Exposure to sun light will rapidly change the colour to a warm golden brown. Tones of grey can appear when exposed to sun light. Dimensionally stable and durable.
Substitute:Ipe, Itauba, Tatajuba, Iroko, Bangkirai
Note: High level of water soluble matter may lead to discolouring on balconies and facades.

In use

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Tatajuba (FSC)

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Tatajuba (FSC)

Botanical name:Bagassa guianensis
Origin:Brazil, Amazonas
Other names:-
Appearance:Golden- lightbrown. Sapwood is visibly grey. Fine growth sometimes interlocked grain. 
Density:Ca. 800 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Very durable. Class 1 (EN 350)
Strength:Good strength. D 60 (EN 338)
Stability:Relatively stable considering the density. However risk of warping in small dimensions.
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish.
Drying:Dries slowly, without problems to low MC. Risk of warping.
Typical use:Decking, facing, benches, playground equipment, threshold
In use:Low risk of cracks and surface checks when dry. Tunrs quickly into a warmer brown, when exposed to sun light. Dimensionally stable.
Substitute:Robinie, Iroko
Note: Tatajuba can with its strength and durability be used for outdoor purposes as long as it is dried to 16-18%. a strong species for better and for worse.

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Jatoba (FSC)

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Jatoba (FSC)

Botanical name:Hymenea Courbaril
Origin:Amazonas, Brazil
Other names:Brazilian Cherry
Appearance:
Density:Ca. 890 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Durable. Class 2 (EN 350)
Strength:D 40 (EN 338)
Stability:Relatively stable
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish.
Drying:Dries slowly, without any major problems,  also to low MC.
Typical use:Table tops, decking, handrails, benches, thresholds
In use:Cracks and surface checks rarely occur. Turns grey when exposed to sun light. Maintain shape when KD. Risk of soluables or sweating.
Substitute:Muiracatira
Note: High level of water soluble matter may lead to discolouring on balconies and facades.

In Use