Angelim Vermelho (FSC)

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Angelim Vermelho (FSC)

Botanical name:Dinizia excelsa Ducke
Origin:Brazil, Amazonas
Other names:Angelim Ferro
Appearance:Rough growth, Cross grain often interlocked.
Density:Ca. 1260 kg/m3 (green)
Ca. 990 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Very durable. Class 1 (En 350)
Strength:High level of strength. D 50 (En 338)
Stability:Relatively stable regarding density. Risk of warping in small dimensions.
Processing:Good for planing. Poor finish
Drying:Primarily used AD or SD
Typical use:Timber, Sheet piling, Fence post, Railway sleepers
In use:Maintains shape well.
Substitute:Favinha, Mandioquiera, Angelim Pedra
Note: One of the few hard wood species in the Amazon, which optains large log dimensions. Resembles Azobe. This wood species has a sour, but not unpleasant smell that will fade away over time.

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Azobe (FSC)

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Azobe (FSC)

Botanical name:Lophira alata
Origin:The Congo Basin, West Africa
Other names:Ekki, Bongossi
Appearance:Red-brown. Rough growth. Sapwood has a grey tone. Visible growth rings.
Density:Ca. 1260 kg/m3 (green), ca. 1060 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Durable. Class 2 (EN 350)
Strength:Very strong. D 70 (EN 338)
Stability:Relatively stable considering the density. Risk of warping in small dimensions.
Processing:Hard to process. Good for planing.  Poor finish
Drying:Primarily used AD or SD
Typical use:Deck boards, Sheet piling, Railway sleepers
In use:Cracks and surface checks easily occure like with a lot of other heavy wood species. If exposed to sun light grey tones will appear.
Substitute:Angelim Vermelho, Okan, Tali
Note: Very big logs and high strength along with many years of experience makes Azobe the prefered species for harbour construction. Risk of warping especially in ventilated constructions.

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Cumaru (FSC)

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Cumaru (FSC)

Botanical name:Dipteryx Odorata
Origin:Brazil
Other names:Almendrillo
Appearance:Colour ranging from golden to dark red. Sapwood has a grey tone. Growth rings clearly demarcated. Straight and often interlocked grain.
Density:Ca. 1280 kg/m3 (green)
Ca. 1080 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Very durable. Class 1 (EN 350)
Strength:Very strong. D 60 (EN 338)
Stability:Good stability
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish
Drying:Drying to fiber saturation point without problems.
Typical use:Decking
In use:Cracks and surface checks rarely occur. If exposed to sun light grey tones will appear.  No risk of soluables or weating. No smell. Good dimensional stability for KD.
Substitute:Ipe, Bangkirai, Massaranduba
Note: The property of this species and the better avaiability than Ipé has made Cumaru popular for decking purposes.

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Fava Amargosa (FSC)

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Fava Amargosa (FSC)

Botanical name:Vatairea paranensis
Origin:Brazil
Other names:Angelim Amargosa
Appearance:Yellow-brown with black scattered drawings. sapwood is light grey. Visible parenchyma stripes
Density:Ca. 900 kg/m3 (mC 12%)
Durability:Durable. Class 2 (EN 350)
Strength:Estimated D 40
Stability:Good stability
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish.
Drying:Dries to low mC without any problems.
Typical use:Decking, Benches, Flooring, Table tops, arts and Crafts
In use:Cracks and surface checks rarely occur. If  exposed to sun light the colour turns into  a warm brown. maintains shape well.
Substitute:Ipe, Sucupira Preta
Note: This wood species goes through a transformation when the yellow colour turns into a beautiful brown shade. Risk of soluables or sweating.

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Guariuba (FSC)

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Guariuba (FSC)

Botanical name:Clarisa Racemosa
Origin:Brazil, Amazonas
Other names:Mururé
Appearance:Yellow-brown. Sapwwod ist visibly grey. Fine growth. Straight, sometimes interlocked with a medium coarse grain. Often visible growth rings on plane cuts pieces.
Density:Ca. 700 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Very durable. Class 1-2 (EN 350)
Strength:Estimated D35
Stability:Good stability. Low risk of warping.
Processing:Good for planing and turning. Good finish.
Drying:Dries slowly, without any major problems, also to low MC.
Typical use:Decking, Facing, benches, Thresholds, Garden furniture.
In use:Cracks and surface checks rarely occur. if exposed to sun light, the colour turns  into a warm brown. Maintains shape well.
Substitute:Teak
Note: Guariuba is the wood species that best can replace teak for many purposes. Movement in service is even lower than teak.

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Jatoba (FSC)

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Jatoba (FSC)

Botanical name:Hymenea Courbaril
Origin:Amazonas, Brazil
Other names:Brazilian Cherry
Appearance:
Density:Ca. 890 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Durable. Class 2 (EN 350)
Strength:D 40 (EN 338)
Stability:Relatively stable
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish.
Drying:Dries slowly, without any major problems,  also to low MC.
Typical use:Table tops, decking, handrails, benches, thresholds
In use:Cracks and surface checks rarely occur. Turns grey when exposed to sun light. Maintain shape when KD. Risk of soluables or sweating.
Substitute:Muiracatira
Note: High level of water soluble matter may lead to discolouring on balconies and facades.

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Jutai (FSC)

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Jutai (FSC)

Botanical name:Dialium guianense
Origin:Amazon, Brazil
Other names:Jatobá
Appearance:Redddish - brown, sapwood clearly visible (grey). Fine grain, no interlocked grain.  
Density:Ca. 1240 kg/m3 (Green)
Ca. 890 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Durable. Class 2 (EN 350)
Strength:D 40 (EN 338)
Stability:Relatively stable
Processing:Machines well with a good finish
Drying:Kiln drying , vene to low MC is possible. Some risk of cracking and warping
Typical use:Worktops, Decking, Flooring, Handrail, Cladding, Benchslats, Thressholds
In use:Low tendency to surface checking and cracking. Turn grey efter exposure to sun.
Substitute:Jatoba
Note:

In use

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Massaranduba (FSC)

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Massaranduba (FSC)

Botanical name:Manilkara huberi
Origin:Brazil, Amazonas
Other names:Macaranduba
Appearance:Red-brown. sapwood ist visibly grey. Juvenile wood light red. Fine and regular growth.
Density:Ca. 1000 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Very durable. Class 1 (En 350)
Strength:Good strength. d 60 (En 338)
Stability:Good stability considering the density. Risk of warping in small dimensions.
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish.
Drying:Dries slowly, but without any major problems, also to low MC. relatively high swelling and shrinking.
Typical use:Decking, Handrails, Benches.
In use:If not dried properly, cracks and discoloration will occure like with other heavy wood species. Turns grey when exposed to sun light, Maintains shape. no soluables or sweating.
Substitute:Cumaru, Jatoba, Muiracatiara
Note: Massaranduba appears very beautiful and stabile when used dried. sadly it is often used non-dried leaving the user with a poor result.

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Okan (FSC)

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Okan (FSC)

Botanical name:Cylicodiscus gabuensis
Origin:Congo basin, W. Afrika
Other names:Denya
Appearance:Brown, sapwood clearly visible (grey). Coarse sometiomes interlocked grain. Growth rings clearly visible
Density:Ca. 1200 kg/m3 (Green), ca. 1000 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Very Durable. Class 1 (EN 350)
Strength:Very high. D 60 (EN 338)
Stability:Relatively stable however some risk of warping in small dimensions
Processing:Difficult to remanufacteur. Can be machine however often with a poor finish
Drying:Used primarily AD or SD
Typical use:Marine timber, Sheet piling, sleepers, heavy decking
In use:Tendency of cracking and surface cheking like other heavy species. Will turn greay after exposure to sunlight. Relatively high movement in service.
Substitute:Angelim Vermelho, Azobe, Tali
Note: Resembles azobe in many ways and hence in the use. Grows in the same area as Azobe as well.

In use

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Robinia (FSC)

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Robinia (FSC)

Botanical name:Robinia pseudoakacie
Origin:North America, wild in eastern europe
Other names:Black Locust, Akacie (false), Robinia
Appearance: visible. Fine groth.
Density: Ca. 660 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Very durable. Class 1 (en 350)
Strength:estimated D 40
Stability:Poor stability, due to small logs. Risk of warping in small dimensions.
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish.
Drying:Commonly used AD or SD.
Typical use:Nature poles, Parquet bars, Sleepers, Garden furniture.
In use:Very stable as round poles. Sawn rather unstable. Tendency of ends splitting. Sapwood esaily attacked by mould. If no Sapwood it appears beautiful with no mould and few surface checks. Risk of rot behind dead knots.
Substitute:Tatajuba, Guariuba
Note: Due to the size and twisted shape of the log, the sawn condition of the robinia wood has a tendency of cracking. Can not be produced in large dimensions in large quantities. Often contains dead knots.

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Sapelli (FSC)

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Sapelli (FSC)

Botanical name:Entandrophragma cylindricum
Origin:The Congo-basin, Africa
Other names:Sapele
Appearance:Golden-red. Often straight and interlocked, with a medium coarse grain. Sapwood visible.
Density:Ca. 700 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Moderate durability. Class 3.
Strength:Estimated D30.
Stability:Relatively good stability
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish.
Drying:Dries easily to low MC. However risk of warping in small dimensions.
Typical use:Windows, doors, facing
In use:Low tendency for cracking and surface checks when dryed. exposure to sun light will rapidly change colour to a warm golden brown. Turns grey when exposed to sun light. Dimensionally stable and durable. 
Substitute:Sipo, Louro Gamela, Mandioquiera
Note: Widely used for all round mahogany, especially for all indoor purposes from laminating of doors to classic furniture.

In use

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Sucupira Vermelho (FSC)

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Sucupira Vermelho (FSC)

Botanical name:Andira Unifolata
Origin:Amazonas
Other names:Red Sucupira , Andira
Appearance:
Density:Ca. 870kg/m3 (mc 12%)
Durability:Durable. class 2 (eN 350)
Strength:Estimated D50
Stability:Good stability
Processing:machines well when dry. hard metal equipment required. Very good finishing.
Drying:Kiln dries easily also to low mc.
Typical use:
In use:Exposure will rapidly change colour to a warm golden brown an eventually grey. Low risc for movement in service.
Substitute:Cumaru, Jatoba
Note: Tendency to raise fibres after installation. Sanding after first saturation is recommended.

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Tanimbuca (FSC)

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Tanimbuca (FSC)

Botanical name:Buchenavia perviflora
Origin:Brazil, Amazonas
Other names:Green Ipé
Appearance:Golden-green with subtle lines of red and black. Fine straight grain sometimes interlocked.
Density:Ca. 850 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Durable. Class 2 (estimated).
Strength:Estimated D40
Stability:Relatively stabil considering the density.
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish.
Drying:Kiln dries easily also to low mc at the risk of  warping.
Typical use:Under construction, decking.
In use:Low tendency for cracking and surface checks when dryed. Exposure to sun light will rapidly change the colour to a warm golden brown. Tones of grey can appear when exposed to sun light. Dimensionally stable and durable.
Substitute:Ipe, Itauba, Tatajuba, Iroko, Bangkirai
Note: High level of water soluble matter may lead to discolouring on balconies and facades.

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Tatajuba (FSC)

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Tatajuba (FSC)

Botanical name:Bagassa guianensis
Origin:Brazil, Amazonas
Other names:-
Appearance:Golden- lightbrown. Sapwood is visibly grey. Fine growth sometimes interlocked grain. 
Density:Ca. 800 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Very durable. Class 1 (EN 350)
Strength:Good strength. D 60 (EN 338)
Stability:Relatively stable considering the density. However risk of warping in small dimensions.
Processing:Good for planing. Good finish.
Drying:Dries slowly, without problems to low MC. Risk of warping.
Typical use:Decking, facing, benches, playground equipment, threshold
In use:Low risk of cracks and surface checks when dry. Tunrs quickly into a warmer brown, when exposed to sun light. Dimensionally stable.
Substitute:Robinie, Iroko
Note: Tatajuba can with its strength and durability be used for outdoor purposes as long as it is dried to 16-18%. a strong species for better and for worse.

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Yellow Cedar (FSC)

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Yellow Cedar (FSC)

Botanical name:Chamacyparis knootkaensis
Origin:Alaska, British Columbia
Other names:Alaska Yellow Cedar, Cypres
Appearance:Light yellow. Sapwood is white. Very fine growth rings.
Density:Ca. 480 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Durable. Class 2 (EN 350)
Strength:Low strength
Stability:Good stability
Processing:Easily processed. Good finish.
Drying:No problems
Typical use:Siding, decking, Boat building, playground equipment, benches, threshold, timberframes, carpentry
In use:Low risk of cracks and surface checks. Beautiful tones of grey appear when exposed to sun light. Dimensionally stable. Few pieces can be irregular.
Substitute:Western Red Cedar
Note: This species has a light sulfur-like smell. American studies show resistance to Teredo Navalis. Can stand for decades dead in the wild without it having an impact on the durability. (Socalled Silvertips) A very unique species.

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Western Red Cedar (FSC)

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Western Red Cedar (FSC)

Botanical name:Thuja Plicata
Origin:British Columbia, Canada
Other names:-
Appearance: Visible difference of wood from 1. and 2.  growth. 
Density:Ca. 385 kg/m3 (MC 12%)
Durability:Durable. Class 2 (en 350)
Strength:Low strength (but high compared to density).
Stability:Very stable, also by variable humidity. 
Processing:Good for planing and spinning. Good finish. 
Drying:easy to dry, however a 2 inch collaps can occure in larger dimensions.
Typical use:Facing, shingels, boat building, sauna equipment, playground equipment, pergolas, timberframes, hottubs
In use:Beautiful tones of grey appear when exposed to sun light. Low tendency of cracks and surface checks. Maintains shape well.
Substitute:Yellow Cedar
Note: WRCs properties makes it number one species for cladding. It has a characteristic, yet Western pleasant smell that fades away over time.

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